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All About Migraine You Need to Know

Posted On: February 2019

Migraines are serious headache problems that can last for between 4 and 72 hours. They are often accompanied by severe nausea and vomiting, extreme sensitivity to light and sounds, and, in some cases, by temporary cognitive impairment and allodynia, which is when normal touch is felt as painful.

Individuals can start experiencing migraines from childhood, and their occurrence increases well into adulthood until age 35 to 39. Migraines are up to three times more common in females than they are in males, and the problems also last longer in females.

Multiple studies link a serious migraine with a decreased quality of life and damaged activity levels. What, then, are the options of prevention and treatment offered to people who face migraines? Here is a listing of the five most cited approaches.

While in a migraine, you may experience:

  1. Pain on one side or both sides of your head.
  2. Pain that feels throbbing or pulsing.
  3. Lightheadedness, sometimes followed by fainting.
  4. Blurred vision.
  5. Sensitivity to light, sounds, and occasionally smells and touch.
  6. Nausea and vomiting.

What Causes a Migraine?

The exact cause of a Migraine is still mysterious. Research suggests that genetic and environmental factors may play a role.

Research have connected changes in the brain stem and the trigeminal nerve, which mediates pain, to migraines.

Chemical imbalances in the brain may also be involved. Depression and stress have long been related with a migraine 25% of patients with depression have migraines and 50% have anxiety, based to the AMF. A study released in October 2017 in a Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain found that the migraine rate was associated with the severity of depression and anxiety.

Experts have found that serotonin levels fall during migraine attacks, causing the trigeminal system to generate chemical substances called neuropeptides, which cause headache pain.

A switch in the weather or barometric pressure, which can cause imbalances in brain chemicals, may prompt a migraine.

What Are the Threat Elements for Migraines?

Researchers have discovered several key risk factors for building migraines, including:


The New York City-based Migraine Research Foundation records that approximately 90% of migraine patients have a family history of the issue.


Migraine sufferers usually experience their first symptoms while in adolescence. Most individuals who have migraines have had their first attack prior to they reach the age of 40. But migraines can get started at any time in life, based on other factors.


While in childhood, migraines commonly affect boys more than girls, but this trend reverses while in adolescence. In adulthood, females are much more likely than males to experience migraines. It seems that hormonal changes, especially including estrogen, play a role.

Some females find that hormonal medications such as contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy get worse migraines, while others find they lower the rate of their headaches.

Menstruation and The change of life

Females who experience migraines often do so instantly before, or soon after, their menstrual period, when there is a fall in estrogen levels.

The regularity, severity, and duration of migraines may change during pregnancy or the menopause. Some females review that they experienced their first migraine attack during pregnancy or that their attacks complicated during pregnancy, while others experience fewer headaches.

The previous observations suggest that hormonal changes of estrogen and progesterone are aspects of some women with migraines. Migraines tend to be less typical and severe after menopause for some females when hormone levels are more constant.

What Triggers Migraines?

In most individuals, there are triggers for migraine problems, such as:

Foods and Food Additives

Certain foods, such as chocolate, dairy especially some cheeses some fruits such as avocado, banana, and citrus, meats including nitrates (bacon, cured meats, hot dogs, salami), and some nuts and seeds will trigger migraines.

Foods that contain the amino acid tyramine have been associated with migraine onset (such as aged cheese, used fish, chicken livers, figs, certain beans, and red wine). The study has also suggested that aspartame (an artificial sweetener) and monosodium glutamate (MSG, a preservative found in a lot of foods) can lead to migraines. Research has connected salty and processed foods for the migraines. Losing or skipping meals can also trigger problems.

Alcohol and extremely caffeinated beverages have been recognized as potential migraine triggers.


Daily stress can trigger migraines. The AMF reports that stress is a trigger for 70% of migraine patients. In turn, the serious pain of a migraine can cause stress. It’s significant to find healthy ways to reduce or prevent stresses, at work and at home, when possible.

Lights, Sounds, or Smells

Bright lights whether organic, such as sun glare, or the playful of a fluorescent light bulb are known to induce migraines in many individuals with the issue.

Loud noises and powerful smells (from perfume, cleaning products, or secondhand smoke) are related to migraine onset.

It’s not completely clear, though, whether these are triggers on their own or if increased sensitivity to light, sound, and smell are the earlier signs of an oncoming strike.


Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) and vasodilators, like nitroglycerin, have been connected to migraines. Overusing medications can also often cause a headache.

Disrupted Sleep

Getting too minimal or too much sleep can trigger migraines in some people, as can variations in your sleep-wake routine.

Medications and Other Treatment Options for a Migraine:

Generic Imitrex is an outstanding cerebral vasoconstrictor, which eases pain caused in the head due to migraine problems. The medication is beneficial in treating typical or severe headacāhes attack and problems. The medication is only a pain reducer and in no way decreases or prevents the frequency or the number of migraine attacks that an individual might suffer. Sumatriptan is the active component in Generic Imitrex, which helps migraine headaches mostly offering quick relief to the individuals within minutes.

  • Generic Imitrex treats migraine headaches causing due to the reduced serotonin levels in the body. Sumatriptan, as you know, is the primary element of Generic Imitrex helps to boost the serotonin levels in your body further dealing with migraine problems.
  • The medication compresses blood vessels around your brain and stops the decreasing serotonin levels.
  • It treats migraine headaches that occur due to dilation of blood vessels in your head.
  • The drugs occur under the Triptans medication category. Note that Triptans are responsible to increase the serotonin levels.
  • Further, the drugs obstruct pain signals delivered through the hormones that lead to migraine issues. These attacks further decrease pro-inflammatory hormones that lead to a serious headache.
  • In other terms, Generic Imitrex thwarts pain signals or indications from reaching your brain. The medication also treats cluster headaches by reducing the actions of the trigeminal nerve.

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